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Exposure to rabies is most likely the result of an animal bite. However, a scratch or other contact with a rabid animal that allows virus-infected saliva to make contact with a person's (or animal's) mucous membranes or bloodstream (including eyes, mouth lining, etc.) can lead to infection.
Rabies is not carried only by wild animals animals or furious, viscious dogs. Unvaccinated family pets and apparently docile wildlife can carry and spread the disease to people and animals.
Human Bitten By An Animal
If someone is bitten or scratched:
NOTE: Potential exposures to bats may be difficult to recognize, especially if the patient was asleep or not mentally competent at the time of the event. Seek medical advice when a bat is discovered in such situations.
Pet Bitten By An Animal
If a pet or livestock is bitten or scratched: